MYTHS AND FACTS

  • MYTH: Julius Caesar was a Roman emperor.
  • FACT: In Caesar’s time, Rome was a republic and had no emperor. The Roman Empire didn’t exist until 17 years after Caesar died.
  • MYTH: Diamonds are the most valuable gem.
  • FACT: Rubies are far more valuable that diamonds.
  • MYTH: Ticks are insects.
  • FACT: Insects have six legs and three body parts. Ticks, on the other hand, have eight legs and two body parts, which classifies it as an arachnid, not an insect.
  • MYTH: Chamelons change color to blend with its background.
  • FACT: Cameleons really can change color instantaneeously but it’s a reaction to fear and to extreme temperature and light changes. It has nothing to do with matching the color of its background.
  • MYTH: Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy.
  • FACT: The only documented proof is a will written in 1498 supposedly written by Christopher Columbus that said “I, being born in Genoa…”
  • MYTH: The men who attended the Constitutional Convention in 1787 were sober, well-behaved group, punctual, the work to the end kind of individuals.
  • FACT: Not true. According to historical documents 19 of the 74 chosen to attend never even showed up.  Of the 55 who did show up, only 39 signed the document. Twelve left early, and four didn’t sign it.
  • MYTH: Lincoln’s Emmancipation Proclamation freed slaves.
  • FACT: The Emmancipation Proclamation of 1862 didn’t free slaves — it was an exertion of federal authority over the Southern states. Also, the Proclamation allowed Union-loyal slave states, such as Kentucky, Missouri, W. Virginia, Maryland and Delaware, to keep their slaves. Slavery wasn’t eliminated until the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution in December 1865.
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